Continued collection of baseline data at all levels - fauna and flora as well as environmental data – is vital in that it provides early-warning signals (indicators and markers). Through graphic representation of data, Tswalu continues to view the current richness, diversity and abundance of plant, mammal, bird, reptile and invertebrate species. This requires clear baselines on which Tswalu can identify increases or decreases in a species, as well as community composition. Identifying essential ecological processes in the Kalahari and how these processes are changing over time is a necessary and important function of Research on Tswalu.
What are the key elements causing shifts in species or community structure (short-, medium- and long-term drivers, both natural and anthropogenic), and how do they impact Tswalu as a whole? What are the implications of various management interventions, and how do these impact Tswalu’s biological integrity? Species composition, changes over time, and understanding how dramatic and rapid these changes are, will be important for future management of the ecological integrity of Tswalu Kalahari Reserve.