Continued collection of baseline data at all levels – fauna and flora as well as environmental data. This is vital in terms of having points on a graph as early warning signals (indicators and markers). Tswalu aims to have an understanding of current plant, mammals, birds, reptile and invertebrate species richness, diversity and abundance.
This requires clear baselines on which we can identify increases or decreases in a species as well as community composition. Identifying essential ecological processes in the Kalahari and how these processes are changing over time is a necessary and important function of research on Tswalu.
What are the key elements causing shifts in species or community structure (drivers – short, medium and long term, both natural and anthropogenic), and how does this impact Tswalu as a whole? What are the implications of various management interventions, and how do these impact Tswalu’s biological integrity? Species composition, changes over time and understanding of how dramatic and rapid these changes are will be important in the future and have implications for the ecological integrity of Tswalu Kalahari Reserve.